Korean Vocabulary

NOTE:  This page is still under construction, and the sound files have not been loaded yet. 

Contents:  Parts of the Body, Stances, Direction & Movements, Punches & Hand Strikes, Kicks, Blocks, Special & Other Techniques

Parts of the Body

English Korean  (see note #1) Pronunciation  (see note #2) Description  (see note #3)
Fist 주먹     jumok  
Back Fist 등주먹     deung ju mok  
Hammer Fist 메주먹     mei ju mok  
Flat Fist 편주먹     pyon ju mok  
Chestnut Fist 밤주먹     bam ju mok This is a regular fist, but with the middle finger's knuckle protruding slightly
Knifehand 손날     son nal  
Ridgehand 손날등     son nal deung  
Palm Fist 바탕손     ba tang son This is the "heel" of the palm
Spearhand 편손끝     pyon son ggeut  
Arc hand 아금손     ah keum son The part of the hand in between the thumb and first finger
Scissor spear fingers 가위손끝     ka wi son ggeut First two fingers sticking out as if to gouge someone's eyes out
Finger spear 한손끝     han son ggeut One finger sticking out
Wrist 팔목     pal mok  
Inner Wrist 안팔목     ahn pal mok The radius side of the wrist
Outer Wrist 바깥팔목     ba ggat pal mok The ulna side of the wrist
Back of Wrist 등팔목     deung pal mok The same side of wrist that you see when you're looking at the back of your hand
Underside of Wrist 밑팔목     mit pal mok The same side of wrist that you see when you're looking at your palm
Elbow 팔굽     pal gup  
Foot 발     bal  
Leg 다리     da ri  
Ball of the foot 앞축     ahp chuk The part you strike with when doing a front kick
Blade of the foot 발날     ban nal The part you strike with when doing an outward crescent kick
Instep 발등     bal deung The "top" part of the foot; the part that many people kick with when doing a roundhouse kick
Arch of foot 발바닥     bal ba dak The part you strike with when doing an inward crescent kick
Heel 뒤축     dwi chuk  
Knee 무릎     mu reup  
Arm 팔     pal  
Hand 손     son  
       

Stances

English Korean  (see note #1) Pronunciation  (see note #2) Description  (see note #3)
Stance 서기     so gi  
Attention Stance 차렷서기     cha ryot so gi Feet together, toes pointed outward
Closed Stance 모아서기     mo ah so gi Feet together, toes pointed forward
Ready Stance 준비서기     jun Feet shoulder-width apart, toes pointed outward
Easy Stance 편히서기     pyon hi so gi same as "ready stance" above
Parallel Stance 나란히서기     na ran hi so gi Feet shoulder width apart, toes pointed forward
Horse Stance 주춤서기     ju chum so gi Sometimes called a "riding" stance
Forward Riding Stance 앞주춤서기     ahp chu chum so gi  
Front Stance 앞굽이     ahp gup pi  
Back Stance 뒷굽이     dwi ggup pi  
Walking Stance 앞서기     ahp so gi  
Cat Stance 범서기     bom so gi Sometimes called a "tiger" stance
Crossed Stance 꼬아서기     ggo ah so gi  
Crane Stance 학다리서기     hang da ri so gi  
       

Directions & Movements

English Korean  (see note #1) Description  (see note #2)
High    
Middle    
Low    
Face    
Body    
Left    
Right    
Downward    
Rising/Upward    
Backward    
     

Punches & Hand Strikes

English Korean  (see note #1) Pronunciation  (see note #2) Description  (see note #3)
Punch 지르기     ji reu gi  
Straight Punch 반대지르기     ban dae ji reu gi (see note #4 below)
Reverse Punch 바로지르기     ba ro ji reu gi (see note #4 below)
Side Punch 옆지르기     yop ji reu gi  
Twin Upset Punches 두주먹 제쳐지르기     du ju mok jei chyo ji reu gi  
Parallel Punches 쳇다리 지르기     cheit da ri ji reu gi  
Back Punch 뒤지르기     dwi ji reu gi  
Strike 치기     chi gi  
Knifehand Strike 손날목치기     son nal mok chi gi  
Front Backfist Strike 등주먹 앞에치기     deung ju mok ahp ei chi gi  
Side/Outward Backfist Strike 등주먹 바깥치기     deung ju mok ba ggat chi gi  
Outward Hammerfist 메주먹 바깥치기     mei ju mok ba ggat chi gi  
Downward Hammerfist 메주먹 내려치기     mei ju mok nae ryo chi gi  
Palm Fist 바탕손 턱치기     ba tang son tok chi gi  
Elbow Strike 팔굽치기     pal gup chi gi  
'Roundhouse' Elbow Strike 팔굽돌려치기     pal gup dol lyo chi gi  
Upward Elbow Strike 팔굽올려치기     pal gup ol lyo chi gi  
Side Elbow Strike 팔굽옆치기     pal gup yop chi gi  
Backward Elbow Strike 팔굽뒤치기     pal gup dwi chi gi  
Knee Strike 무릎치기     mu reup chi gi  
Double Elbow Strike 멍에치기     mong ei chi gi  
Arc Hand Strike 아금손 목치기     ah keum son mok chi gi  
Thrust 찌르기     jji reu gi  
Spear Finger Straight Thrust 편손끝 세위찌르기     pyon son ggeut sei wi jji reu gi The hand is vertical (thumb up, pinkie down)
Spear Finger Flat Thrust 편손끝 엎어찌르기     pyon son ggeut o po jji reu gi The hand is flat, palm down
Spear Finger Upper Thrust 편손끝 제쳐찌르기     pyon son ggeut jei chyo jji reu gi The hand is flat, palm up
       

Kicks & Leg/Foot strikes

English Korean  (see note #1) Pronunciation  (see note #2) Description  (see note #3)
Kick 차기     cha gi  
Axe Kick 찍어차기     jji go cha gi  
Front Snap Kick 앞차기     ahp cha gi  
Roundhouse Kick 돌려차기     dol lyo cha gi  
Side Kick 옆차기     yop cha gi  
Hook Kick 후려차기     hu ryo ha gi  
Reverse Side Kick 뒤돌라 옆차기     dwi dol la cha gi  
Reverse Hook Kick 몸돌려차기     mom dol lyo cha gi  
Back Kick 뒤차기     dwi cha gi  
Scissor Kick 가위차기     ka wi cha gi  
Jump Front Kick 뛰어 앞차기     ddwi o ahp cha gi  
Jump Roundhouse Kick 뛰어 돌려차기     ddwi o dol lyo cha gi  
Jump Side Kick 뛰어 옆차기     ddwi o yop cha gi  
       

Blocks

English Korean  (see note #1) Pronunciation  (see note #2) Description  (see note #3)
Block 막기     mak ki  
Downward Forearm Block 팔목 아래막기     pal mok ah rae mak ki  
Downward Knifehand Block 한손날 아래막기     han son nal ah rae mak ki  
Forearm Guarding Blocks      
Knifehand Guarding Blocks      
X-block 팔목 엇걸어막기     pal mok ot gol o mak ki  
Knifehand X-block 손날 엇걸어막기     son nal ot gol o mak ki  
Wedging Block (inner wrists)      
Wedging Block (outer wrists)      
Knifehand Wedging Block      
Outward Forearm Block (inner wrist) 안팔목 바깥막기     ahn pal mok ba ggat mak ki  
Outward Forearm Block (outer wrist) 바깥팔목 바깥막기     ba ggat pal mok ba ggat mak ki  
Inward Forearm Block (outer wrist) 바깥팔목 안막기     ba ggat pal mok ahn mak ki  
Inward Knifehand Block 한손날 안막기     han son nal ahn mak ki  
Outward Knifehand Block 한손날 바깥막기     han son nal ba kkat mak ki  
Outward Forearm Guarding Blocks      
<<<<<< what about front stance vs. Back stance ???? >>>>>      
Inward Palm Pressing Block 바탕손 안막기     ba tang son ahn mak ki  
Downward Palm Pressing Block 바탕손 눌러막기     ba tang son nol lo mak ki  
Ridgehand Wedging Block 손날등 헤쳐막기     son nal deung hei chyo mak ki  
Rising Block 팔목 아래막기     pal mok ah rae mak ki  
Rising X-block 팔목 엇걸어 아래막기     pal mok ot gol o ah rae mak ki  
Rising Knifehand Block 한손날 아래막기     han son nal ah rae mak ki  
Outward Knifehand Block 한손날 바깥막기     han son nal ba ggat mak ki  
Rising Knifehand X-block 손날 엇걸어 아래막기     son nal ot gol o ah rae mak ki  
       

Special & Other Techniquies

English Korean  (see note #1) Description  (see note #2)
Tug & Jaw Punch    
Diamond Front Punch    
Diamond Side Punch    
'Swallow' Knife Hand    
'Swallow' Palm Fist    
     

 


NOTES:

1.  Click on the icon to hear the Korean pronunciation.  The Korean titles have all been pronounced by me and have been recorded in mp3 format.  Although I can speak Korean, please keep in mind that I am not a native speaker and so my pronunciations will differ slightly from the way a native speaker pronounces them.  Many English-speaking students find it easier to emulate the (Korean) sounds made by an English speaker rather than those from a native Korean speaker, probably because the Korean language contains vowel sounds that do not appear in English.  For this reason, I've used my own voice. 

2.  Pronunciation guidelines:  Here, the vowel 'u' is always pronounced like the 'u' in 'blue' and 'true'.  The vowel 'ee' is pronounced just as it would be in the word 'weed'.  The vowel 'i' is also pronounced like the 'ee' in 'weed'.  The vowel combination 'ei' is pronounced like the vowel 'a' in 'play' and 'stay'.  The vowel combination 'eu' is pronounced like the 'oo' in 'took' and 'book'. 

3.  This column clarifies the movement, gives alternate names for the movement, and/or provides examples of when this movement is used. 

4.  What we (English speakers) call a "straight punch" is actually a "reverse punch" in Korean and what we call a "reverse punch" is actually a straight punch in Korean.  Here's what I mean:  We call a 'straight' punch one that is done with the same arm as the leading leg.  We call it a reverse punch when the punch is done with the opposite arm as the leading leg.  Makes sense, right?  But the Koreans look at it a different way.  Their 'straight' punch is called 'straight' because you do it exactly as if you were walking.  (When you walk, as one foot goes forward the opposite hand goes forward.  In other words, step out with the left foot and your left arm goes back while your right arm goes forward.)  And what they call a 'reverse' punch is 'reverse' to them because it's the opposite of how you'd naturally walk.  And that makes sense too.